Dalton Trans. 2017 Jun 2. doi: 10.1039/c7dt01350g. [Epub ahead of print]

Reaction mechanism of the metallohydrolase CpsB from Streptococcus pneumoniae, a promising target for novel antimicrobial agents.

Monteiro Pedroso M1, Selleck C1, Bilyj J1, Harmer JR2, Gahan LR1, Mitić N3, Standish AJ4, Tierney DL5, Larrabee JA6, Schenk G1.

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CpsB is a metal ion-dependent hydrolase involved in the biosynthesis of capsular polysaccharides in bacterial organisms. The enzyme has been proposed as a promising target for novel chemotherapeutics to combat antibiotic resistance. The crystal structure of CpsB indicated the presence of as many as three closely spaced metal ions, modelled as Mn2+, in the active site. While the preferred metal ion composition in vivo is obscure Mn2+ and Co2+ have been demonstrated to be most effective in reconstituting activity. Using isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) we have demonstrated that, in contrast to the crystal structure, only two Mn2+ or Co2+ ions bind to a monomer of CpsB. This observation is in agreement with magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) data that indicate the presence of two weakly ferromagnetically coupled Co2+ ions in the active site of catalytically active CpsB. While CpsB is known to be a phosphoesterase we have also been able to demonstrate that this enzyme is efficient in hydrolyzing the β-lactam substrate nitrocefin. Steady-state and stopped-flow kinetics measurements further indicated that phosphoesters and nitrocefin undergo catalysis in a conserved manner with a metal ion-bridging hydroxide acting as a nucleophile. Thus, the combined physicochemical studies demonstrate that CpsB is a novel member of the dinuclear metallohydrolase family.

PMID: 28573276 DOI: 10.1039/c7dt01350g