Microbes Infect. 2017 Apr 26. pii: S1286-4579(17)30064-3. doi: 10.1016/j.micinf.2017.04.003. [Epub ahead of print]

The accessory Sec system (SecY2A2) in Streptococcus pneumoniae is involved in export of pneumolysin toxin, adhesion and biofilm formation.

Bandara M1, Skehel JM2, Kadioglu A3, Collinson I4, Nobbs AH5, Blocker AJ6, Jenkinson HF7.

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Abstract

In Streptococcus pneumoniae TIGR4, genes encoding a SecY2A2 accessory Sec system are present within a locus encoding a serine-rich repeat surface protein PsrP. Mutant strains deleted in secA2 or psrP were deficient in biofilm formation, while the ΔsecA2 mutant was reduced in binding to airway epithelial cells. Cell wall protein (CWP) fractions from the ΔsecA2 mutant, but not from the ΔpsrP mutant, were reduced in haemolytic (pneumolysin) activity. Contact-dependent pneumolysin (Ply) activity of wild type TIGR4 cells was ten-fold greater than that of ΔsecA2 mutant cells suggesting that Ply was not active at the ΔsecA2 cell surface. Ply protein was found to be present in the CWP fraction from the ΔsecA2 mutant, but showed aberrant electrophoretic migration indicative of protein modification. Proteomic analyses led to the discovery that the ΔsecA2 mutant CWP fraction was deficient in two glycosidases as well as other enzymes involved in carbohydrate metabolism. Taken collectively the results suggest that positioning of Ply into the cell wall compartment in active form, together with glycosyl hydrolases and adhesins, requires a functional accessory Sec system.

Copyright © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

O-glycosidase; Streptococcus pneumoniae; biofilms; export; pneumolysin; secA2

PMID: 28456649 DOI: 10.1016/j.micinf.2017.04.003