Innate Immun. 2017 Apr;23(3):296-306. doi: 10.1177/1753425917693907. Epub 2017 Jan 1.

The critical role of myeloperoxidase in Streptococcus pneumoniae clearance and tissue damage during mouse acute otitis media.

Xiang Y1, Jin C1,2, Wang W1,3, Wang Z1, Huang Y1, Fan F1, Ma Y1, Zhang X1, Xu W1, Yin Y1, He Y1.

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Abstract

We have recently reported that neutrophils play a pivotal role in innate defense against Streptococcus pneumoniae ( Spn) during mouse acute otitis media (AOM). However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. By constructing models of pneumococcal AOM in C57BL/6 mice and using a specific inhibitor in vivo, we investigated the role of myeloperoxidase (MPO), one of the most important protein components of neutrophils. Experiment results showed a significant increase in MPO production of the recruited neutrophils in Spn-infected mice. Neutrophils killed Spn in a MPO-dependent manner. MPO facilitated the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and consequently promoted Spn clearance at an early stage and exacerbated tissue damage. Moreover, MPO induced neutrophil apoptosis and necrosis, which, in turn, worsened tissue damage. In summary, our study demonstrates that neutrophil MPO plays a paradoxical role in bacterial clearance and tissue damage in pneumococcal AOM.

KEYWORDS:

Acute otitis media; apoptosis; myeloperoxidase; reactive oxygen species

PMID: 28359218 DOI: 10.1177/1753425917693907