Front Cell Infect Microbiol. 2016 May 4;6:47. doi: 10.3389/fcimb.2016.00047. eCollection 2016.

Characterization of Spbhp-37, a Hemoglobin-Binding Protein of Streptococcus pneumoniae.

Romero-Espejel ME1, Rodríguez MA1, Chávez-Munguía B1, Ríos-Castro E2, Olivares-Trejo Jde J3.

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Abstract

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a Gram-positive microorganism that is the cause of bacterial pneumonia, sinusitis and otitis media. This human pathogen also can cause invasive diseases such as meningitis, bacteremia and septicemia. Hemoglobin (Hb) and haem can support the growth and viability of S. pneumoniae as sole iron sources. Unfortunately, the acquisition mechanism of Hb and haem in this bacterium has been poorly studied. Previously we identified two proteins of 37 and 22 kDa as putative Hb- and haem-binding proteins (Spbhp-37 and Spbhp-22, respectively). The sequence of Spbhp-37 protein was database annotated as lipoprotein without any function or localization. Here it was immunolocalized in the surface cell by transmission electron microscopy using specific antibodies produced against the recombinant protein. The expression of Spbhp-37 was increased when bacteria were grown in media culture supplied with Hb. In addition, the affinity of Sphbp-37 for Hb was determined. Thus, in this work we are presenting new findings that attempt to explain the mechanism involved in iron acquisition of this pathogen. In the future these results could help to develop new therapy targets in order to avoid the secondary effects caused by the traditional therapies.

KEYWORDS:

Streptococcus pneumoniae; haem; haem-binding protein; iron; iron starvation

PMID: 27200302 [PubMed - in process] PMCID: PMC4854876