J Struct Biol. 2015 Dec 10. pii: S1047-8477(15)30109-X. doi: 10.1016/j.jsb.2015.12.002. [Epub ahead of print]
Cholesterol-dependent cytolysins (CDCs) contribute to various pathogenesis by Gram-positive bacterial pathogens. Among them, pneumolysin (PLY) produced by Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major contributor to pneumococcal infections. Despite numerous studies of the cytolytic mechanism of PLY, little structural information on its interactions with a specific receptor of the cell membrane is available. We report here the first crystal structures of PLY in an apo-form and in a ternary complex with two mannoses at 2.8Å and 2.5Å resolutions, respectively. Both structures contained one monomer in an asymmetric unit and were comprised of four discontinuous domains, similar to CDC structures reported previously. The ternary complex structure showed that loop 3 and the undecapeptide region in domain 4 might contribute to cellular recognition by binding to mannose, as a component of a specific cell-surface receptor. Moreover, mutational studies and docking simulations for four residues (Leu431, Trp433, Thr459, and Leu460) in domain 4 indicated that Leu431 and Trp433 in the undecapeptide might be involved in the binding of cholesterol, together with the Thr459-Leu460 pair in loop 1. Our results provide structure-based molecular insights into the interaction of PLY with the target cell membrane, including the binding of mannose and cholesterol.
Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Cellular recognition; Cholesterol-dependent cytolysin; Molecular docking; Pneumolysin; X-ray structure
PMID: 26688057 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]