Am J Emerg Med. 2015 Oct 19. pii: S0735-6757(15)00866-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2015.10.025. [Epub ahead of print]

Prognostic factors of Streptococcus pneumoniae infection in adults.

Hifumi T1, Fujishima S2, Abe T3, Kiriu N4, Inoue J5, Kato H4, Koido Y4, Kawakita K6, Kuroda Y6, Sasaki J7, Hori S7.

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The mortality of severe sepsis has markedly decreased since the implementation of the Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines. The next logical step is to examine the necessity of individualized management guidelines for targeted therapy against specific bacteria. Streptococcus pneumoniae is the leading cause of community-acquired severe sepsis; however, little is known regarding the prognostic factors in adult patients with S pneumoniae sepsis. We aimed to identify prognostic factors in patients with S pneumoniae sepsis and to explore a subgroup of patients at high risk for death with detailed Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score analysis.


We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients with S pneumoniae infection treated between 1st January 2006 and 31st July 2012. We identified prognostic factors for 28-day mortality using univariate and multivariate logistic regression models.


Of 171 patients (median age, 72 years) with S pneumoniae infection who were included in this study, the 28-day mortality was 17% (29/171). The SOFA score (odds ratio, 2.25; 95% confidence interval, 1.60-3.18; P < .001) and bacteremia (odds ratio, 19.0; 95% confidence interval, 4.06-90.20; P < .001) were identified as prognostic factors for the 28-day mortality. In a subgroup analysis with a cutoff value of the SOFA score determined by receiver operating characteristic analysis, patients with bacteremia and a SOFA score of at least 7 had a significantly higher mortality than did patients without bacteremia and a SOFA score lower than 7 (84% vs 0%, respectively).


Bacteremia and a SOFA score at least 7 were independent prognostic factors of poor outcome in S pneumoniae sepsis.

Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID: 26508390 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]